Which are the top plants to grow in harsh Indian summers
Indian summers can be extremely harsh with high temperatures and intense sunlight. However, there are several plant varieties that can tolerate these conditions and thrive in Indian summers. Here are some top plants that can withstand the harsh Indian summer:
Cacti and Succulents: These plants are excellent choices for Indian summers as they have adapted to survive in arid environments. They store water in their fleshy leaves and stems, making them highly drought-tolerant. Popular varieties include Aloe vera, Jade plant, and various types of cacti.
Bougainvillea: Bougainvillea is a vibrant flowering plant that thrives in hot and dry climates. It can withstand high temperatures and requires minimal care once established. It adds a splash of color to your garden with its beautiful bracts.
Portulaca: Also known as moss rose or purslane, Portulaca is a low-growing annual plant that flourishes in hot, sunny conditions. It has succulent leaves and bright, colorful flowers. It's an excellent choice for borders, rock gardens, or hanging baskets.
Hibiscus: Hibiscus plants are popular in India due to their attractive flowers. They are well-adapted to tropical climates and can tolerate heat and humidity. Hibiscus plants require regular watering and thrive in full sun.
Indian Blanket Flower: Also known as Gaillardia, the Indian Blanket Flower is a hardy perennial that can withstand high temperatures and drought conditions. It produces vibrant, daisy-like flowers in various shades of red, orange, and yellow.
Holy Basil (Tulsi): Tulsi is a sacred plant in India and has been traditionally grown in Indian households. It is well-suited for the hot summers and is known for its medicinal properties. Tulsi requires regular watering and grows well in full sun.
Zinnia: Zinnias are easy-to-grow annual flowers that are highly tolerant of heat and dry conditions. They come in a wide range of colors and shapes and can add a vibrant touch to your garden during the summer months.
Marigold: Marigolds are sun-loving annual plants that bloom profusely throughout the summer. They are known for their pest-repellent properties and come in various colors. Marigolds prefer full sun and well-drained soil.
Agave: Agave plants are succulents that are well-suited to the harsh Indian summers. They have thick, fleshy leaves that store water, making them highly drought-tolerant. Agaves come in various sizes and forms, adding an architectural element to your garden.
Curry Leaf Tree: The Curry Leaf Tree is a small, evergreen tree that is commonly grown in India for its aromatic leaves used in cooking. It can tolerate heat and dry conditions but requires regular watering.
When growing plants in harsh Indian summers, it's essential to provide adequate water, provide some shade during the hottest parts of the day, and use mulch to conserve soil moisture.